宮崎ハロー英会話のミニレッスン 79:

Synonyms

Many students want to take English exams, for example TOEFL, TOEIC, EIKEN or IELTS. These exams are all different and have different purposes, but there are some things which are common to all. Starting from today, I’ll give some advice on how to pass these exams.

Firstly, and I think most important, is vocabulary. You need to know a lot of English words, and the words and type of words are different for each exam. TOEIC for example requires more business related vocabulary while TOEFL is more focused on academic words. However, one thing that can help all students is knowing a lot of synonyms. Synonyms means different words which have the same, or a similar, meaning. For example, big- large, small- tiny are synonyms. Synonyms are important to answer questions because often the words in the text and the question will be different.

For example:

“The woman drove a big car to the supermarket.”

Question 1. Which of the following sentences is true?

a. A man went to the supermarket.

b. A woman drove a large car.

c. A woman went to the university.

d. A woman drove a big truck to the supermarket.

Although this is a very simple example, this is the kind of question that often appears in all tests. Below is a list of common synonyms to help you:

 多くの生徒さんは英語の試験を受けたいと思っています。例えば、TOEFL,TOEIC,EIKENIELTSです。
これらの試験は内容も、目的も違います。でも幾つかの共通点があります。今日よりこれらの試験に
どうすれば受かるのかアドバイスをしていきたいと思います。

まず初めに、そして私が一番大切だと思うポイントは語彙です。
たくさんの英単語を知っている必要がありますが、それぞれの試験では使われている単語や種類が違います。
例えばTOEICですとビジネス英語が要求され、TOEFLはもっとアカデッミックな単語が要求されます。
しかしながら、一つ共通して全ての生徒さんの力になることが、沢山の同義語を知ることです。
同義語の意味とは、違う言葉で同じ意味又は、似た意味を持っている語彙の事です。
例えば、big- large, small- tinyは同義語です。同義語は質問に答えるのにとても重要です。
なぜならしばしば、本文の単語と質問の単語が異なるからです。

例:

For example:

“The woman drove a big car to the supermarket.”

Question 1. Which of the following sentences is true?

a. A man went to the supermarket.

b. A woman drove a large car.

c. A woman went to the university.

d. A woman drove a big truck to the supermarket.

これはとても単純な例ですが、この様な質問が全てのテストによく見られます。
上記貴方の力になる、よくある共通語のリストです。

Share →

Leave a Reply

Facebook Auto Publish Powered By : XYZScripts.com